Complication of the diabetes is the diabetic eye disease called diabetic retinopathy. The blood vessels of the retina changes and may lead to the cause of diabetic retinopathy. In some instances person who have diabetic retinopathy may encounter that their blood vessels may distend and leak fluid. And in some person the surface of the retina may develop new abnormal blood vessels. This may get worsen as time goes by and lead to the vision loss and it may affects both eyes.
One of the effective treatments this eye problem is the vitrectomy or the surgical exclusion of the vitreous gel. Patient who may have bleeding in their vitreous gel, have severe formation of scar tissue and retinal detachment vitrectomy may be performed because it may improve the vision. Another treatment for diabetic retinopathy is the laser treatment.
Diabetic retinopathy may be worsened and can cause blindness if treatment is not immediately made. In some instances if patient have a late stage of retinopathy laser treatment or vitrectomy cannot be applied, thus the vision will continuously decline.
Vitrectomy can be done if a person have a vitreous hemorrhage or experiencing bleeding in vitreous gel or if a person have a retinal detachment, but this surgery is not totally a treatment it just prevent loss of vision. Vitrectomy is a procedure that is not frequently made except that if complication arises or if there is grow of severe scar tissue. After the removal of vitreous gel through vitrectomy, there is a need to eradicate the scar tissue by surgery and to mend new retinal detachment.
It is said that vitrectomy is further difficult than a laser treatment. Vitrectomy can be made at times as an outpatient surgery but more often it needs a hospital stay for overnight. Unlike in laser treatment it is a procedure frequently done for outpatient. It is the responsibility of the eye doctor to determine if what type of anesthesia can be used either general or local anesthesia.