What is retinal detachment? In this articles we’re going to explain it’s causes, symptoms and treatment.
The retina of eyes is attached to the tissues which lie under the eye and the separation of the two is known as retinal detachment. The common causes of this situation is the breakage of the retina or the tearing of it. The breakage of the retina may be caused by the detachment of the vitreous gel from the retina. The two parts of the eye is filled with vitreous gel and it is this gel that covers the entire retina and if the strength of the retina is fragile, it leads to its breakage. If the blood vessels in the retina are present in the breakage, it causes bleeding of the eye. However, most retinal detachments that happen are not a cause of injury to the eye.
The patient who is experiencing the symptoms of retinal detachment sees flashing lights in the initial stages. A person who has this symptom has to immediately see the eye doctor without further delay. The retina could be saved in many cases if shown on time. The effect of flashing light is caused by the loosening of the vitreous which allows the gel to get in contact with the retina. There is also the symptom where the person can visualize eye floaters. This is caused when the vitreous gel gets solid to even an insignificant extent. If treated earlier itself, the treatment is much more effective.
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The treatment for retinal detachment is done with the help of laser therapy where the holing and tearing of the retina is treated. Another way of treatment is by freezing the retina. While the retina is frozen, even the gel freezes and it is thus prevented from layering at the back of the retina. This eventually prevents the retinal detachment in the initial stages. In other worse cases, where the retina is almost detached, a surgery is immediately performed.
Three eye surgeries types
- Scleral buckling
- Pneumatic retinopexy
The holes and tearing that are caused in the retina have to be treated as the vision of the person is blurred or in some cases partially blinded. The impairment in the vision can aggravate and cause permanent blindness if not treated immediately. Thus it is advised to always take good care of the eyes and find a vitrectomy specialist right away.
If you have a retina detachment then you would definitely want to see a retina specialist to see about having a vitrectomy surgery. See our directory of ophthalmologist. The recovery process after a vitrectomy is for you to get vitrectomy recovery equipment as after the surgery you will be required to maintain a facedown position.