Retinal Hemorrhage – What, Why And How Of It?

It is rightly believed that without vision, there is no beauty within or outside. Vision is an important and indispensable part of our body. Without eye vision, life is dull and boring. Hence it is very important to take care of your eyes. But misfortunes can happen to anyone. And one such misfortune is retinal hemorrhage of the eye.

Retinal hemorrhages can be caused by injuries, usually forceful blows to the head during accidents and falls, as well as by adverse health conditions. A retinal hemorrhage occurs when abnormal bleeding occurs within the blood vessels of the retina. Retina is a membrane located in the back of the eye. A smallest injury to the retina can even cause vision loss problems because of the fact that blood vessels are sensitive and dense. Retinal hemorrhage signifies increased pressure within the skull. A condition called retinopathy occurs in prematurely born infants or infants with low birth weights.

The blood vessel of the eye may not be developed during the time and gets damaged or leaked easily. Retinal hemorrhages in children are important clinical findings. They may be associated with trauma or systemic diseases. Even diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes are also associated with the person’s circulatory system, causing retinal hemorrhage. A disease called diabetic neuropathy can cause this condition as well. A less popular cause of retinal hemorrhage is a medical condition called central serous retinopathy. Retinal hemorrhage can be accidental or intentional (child abuse). Most common retinal hemorrhages occur from non – accidental injuries such as direct streaking of the head, severe shaking causing acceleration – deceleration and thoracic compressions.

An ophthalmologist generally diagnoses retinal hemorrhage. In case of injury or accidents, the doctor performs a visual exam to look for the signs of trauma or disease. They may also use an opthalmoscopy and/or an angiography of the retina. Other diagnoses include blood tests, history and vision tests of the patient. Sever contraction of chest muscles in convulsion, crying or vomiting may cause retinal hemorrhages. Theoretical mechanism is sudden rise of retinal venous pressure secondary to forceful thoracoabdominal muscle contraction. Such a mechanism is also possible after convulsion. There are a number of reports in literature about retinal hemorrhages after convulsion.

Although, retinal hemorrhage can cause vision loss, but there are some treatments available in eye sciences today. The most common one is the laser eye surgery. It will repair the retinal hemorrhage. In other cases, a patient who suffers retinal hemorrhage due to some other medical conditions, the underlying condition has to be treated first. Once the condition is under control, then laser surgery can be performed to treat the retinal hemorrhage.

Source by daniel rayfield

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