Sometimes, a vitreous hemorrhage can clear up on its own. If vision does not improve, vitrectomy surgery may be necessary. A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove the clouded vitreous gel in the center of the eye. The gel is replaced with a solution that is similar to the makeup of healthy, clear vitreous matter. This diabetic retinopathy treatment has a very high success rate for improving vision.
Vitrectomy surgery may also be used to remove scar tissue remaining as a result of retinal detachment. Once the scar tissue is no longer pulling on the retina, the retina will usually settle back into place and flatten out, which will improve vision.